Till startsida
Till innehåll Läs mer om hur kakor används på gu.se

Torbjörn von Krogh

“Self-regulate, or we will regulate your content!”
Are state threats towards the media threats to the freedom of speech?

Media self-regulation has historically been ascribed different motives among media actors. Higher credibility, legitimacy, professionalization and protection of press freedom are mentioned. The freedom argument asserts that voluntarily defined restrictions of media conduct and content in an institutionalized context staves off restraining legislation.
The relationship between the voluntary system and the state has been described as communicating vessels or thermostat ethics; when legislative steam is building the media lets out pressure by making amendments in the self-regulation.
These processes have varied with media models (Hallin&Mancini, 2004). As direct media regulation is succeeded by indirect media governance, and as old media monopolies have been challenged by the Internet, the relationships between the state and the media regarding media content become more complex and involves other actors.
In this paper, regulative threats in Scandinavia, the U.K. and the U.S. are discussed using four frames of reference (McQuail, 2003): the political, the market, the (media) professional and the public frame.


Torbjörn von Krogh, PhD, is affiliated to the Mid Sweden University. He worked for 35 years as a journalist and was a co-founder of the Swedish association for investigative journalism in 1989. Editor-in-chief for Pressens Tidning, a news media magazine, 1996-2006. Part-time PhD candidate 2007-2012 at the Mid Sweden University in Sundsvall and part-time director of the Institute for Media Studies in Stockholm 2009-2014. His PhD-dissertation in 2012 dealt with relationships between media criticism, media governance and media accountability in Sweden.

Recent publications:
Torbjörn von Krogh (forthcoming). ”Sweden: a long history of media accountability adaption”, in Susanne Fengler, Tobias Eberwein & Matthias Karmasin (eds), European Handbook of Media Accountability, New York: Peter Lang.

Lars W. Nord & Torbjörn von Krogh (2015). “The Freedom of The Press or The Fear Factor? Analysing Political Decisions and Non-Decisions in British Media Policy 1990-2012”. Observatorio (OBS*), 9(1), 1-16.

Torbjörn von Krogh (2012). ”Changing Political Attitudes Towards Media Accountability in Sweden”, Central European Journal of Communication, 5(2), 205-224.

Sidansvarig: Christine Forssell|Sidan uppdaterades: 2015-06-30

På Göteborgs universitet använder vi kakor (cookies) för att webbplatsen ska fungera på ett bra sätt för dig. Genom att surfa vidare godkänner du att vi använder kakor.  Vad är kakor?